Planning and building
Listed buildings are buildings or structures of special architectural or historic interest.
The purpose of listing is to ensure that the character and special interest of the building is preserved. To protect the country’s heritage, demolition is rarely allowed and only then after the most careful and detailed consideration.
Listed buildings have protected status under Section 1 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990.
Listed buildings in the district
There are over 1,300 listed buildings in the Epping Forest district.
These include 16 Grade I listed buildings, such as Hill Hall at Theydon Mount, but the vast majority are Grade II, and range from timber framed cottages to more unusual buildings such as village pumps, bridges or telephone kiosks.
The National Heritage List for England (NHLE) is the only official, up to date, register of all nationally protected historic buildings and sites in England showing listed buildings, scheduled monuments, protected wrecks, registered parks and gardens, and battlefields.
The list is a register compiled by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport.
Apply to list a building
You can apply online to have a building or structure listed through the Historic England website.
The list itself is managed by Historic England, but the final decision whether or not to list is made by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
Buildings are added to the list using a procedure known as spot listing. These buildings have the same status as other listed buildings. Spot listing is sometimes preceded by a Building Preservation Notice, which is served by the council.
A Building Preservation Notice has the effect of listing the building for up to six months until the Department for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport decides to make the listing permanent.
Anyone can apply to the Department for Digital, Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport to have a building listed, for further information see the Historic England pages regarding listing applications.
Listed building consent
A listed building must not be demolished, extended or altered in any way that would affect its character, without first obtaining listed building consent. You must get this consent by applying to the District Council through the planning portal before beginning any works.
This is a control that the council has in addition to planning permission, which may also be required.
The consent applies to all types of works and to the whole of the listed building; interior, exterior, anything attached to the building, and any structure which stands within its curtilage and has done so since 1948, so a modern shed wouldn’t qualify but a 19th century barn, for example, would. It is a matter of judgement as to which elements are the most significant and which elements hold no or little significance.
If you carry outwork to a listed building without first obtaining consent, the penalties are heavy. Prosecution in the courts can lead to a prison sentence or unlimited fine.
FAQs about listed buildings
How are buildings and other structures chosen for listing?
What does listing cover?
What works require Listed Building Consent?
What about repairs?
What is meant by 'duty of repair'?
What is the best way to maintain a listed building?
Can I get financial help?
For more information please contact
- Telephone: 01992 564358
- Email: ContactLB@eppingforestdc.gov.uk
- Write to us at:
Listed Buildings and Conservation, Epping Forest District Council, Civic Offices, High Street, Epping, Essex CM16 4BZ